assistant referee: official who runs one of two touchlines and advises the referee, esp. on offside decisions
corner kick: a free kick taken from one of the corners of the pitch
defender: a player whose main role is to prevent the opposition from scoring
dive: to deliberately fall over when tackled in order to deceive the referee into awarding a free kick
draw: finish a game with an even score; tie
extra time: two periods of 15 minutes each played when a game ends in a draw after normal time
foul: an illegal action punishable by a free kick
goal: an instance of kicking or heading the ball into the goal
goalkeeper: player whose role is to stop the ball from entering the goal, and the only player who can handle the ball in general play
goal line: the two shorter boundaries, one at each end of the pitch, on which the goals are placed
handball: a foul committed by touching the ball with a hand or an arm
league: a group of sports clubs that play each other over a period for a championship e.g. English Premiership League
offside: law requiring at least two defenders to be between an attacker and the goal line when the ball is passed to the attacker
pass: to kick or head the ball to another player on one's own team.
penalty: a free kick from the penalty spot; see also penalty kick
penalty area: area near each goal in which the goalkeeper may handle the ball, and a foul is punished by a penalty kick
penalty kick: a direct free kick taken from the penalty spot, awarded for a foul committed in the penalty area
penalty shootout: a best-of-five penalty kick contest held to find a winner when a game is still tied after extra time
penalty spot: a white mark in the penalty area from which penalty kicks are taken
pitch: the playing field
professional: doing something, like playing sport or music, as a career or occupation
red card: the most severe punishment given by a referee, in which the player is sent off the pitch
shoot: to try to score a goal
striker: a player whose role is to score goals
substitute: to replace one player with another player; also a player used to replace another
tackle: to challenge a player for the ball
tactical: relating to a carefully planned strategy to win
throw in: to put the ball back into play after it has crossed the touchline by throwing it, usually to a teammate
touchline: the two long boundaries along each side of the pitch; also sideline
wall: a line of players forming a barrier to block a free kick taken near the penalty area
yellow card: a warning issued to a player for a serious foul, two of which result in a red card and sending off


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